Science & Tech -Space

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Space

 

1-The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is responsible for the planning, execution and management of space research activities and space application programmes.

2- The Indian space programme was launched in 1962.

3-The Indian Space Research Organisation formed in 1969

4- The space commission and department of space created in 1972.

5- The JSRO has headquarters at Bengaluru.

6- India’s first satellite communication Earth station was set-up at Arvi near Pune.

7- The first Indian Satellite Aryabhatta was launched on 19th April, 1975 from Baikonur (erstwhile USSR).

8-The first Indian Communication Satellite, APPLE was launched on 19th June, 1981 from Kourou in French Guyana (South America). It was the first Indian satellite that was placed in geostationary orbit.

9- ISRO’s expenditure in the last 40 years = Half of NASA’s single year budget.

10-SLV-3 was India’s first indigenous satellite launch vehicle and A.P.J. Abdum Kalam Ji was the director of the project.

11-ISRO also developed Bhuvan, a web-based 3D satellite imagery tool which is the Indian incarnation of Google Earth.

12-ANTRIX- It is the corporate arm of ISRO

13-ISRO’s Mars mission is the cheapest so far, just 450 crore i.e Rs 12 per km, equivalent to Auto fare.

14-ISRO is one of the six space agencies in the world with the capability to build and launch satellites from its own soil.

15-The heaviest satellite launched by ISRO was 5 ton. It was launched in 2001 and it is still active.

16- ISRO has launched the CARTOSAT to develop a map of the whole country. The map will tell data about the country’s physical and biological resources and their distribution throughout the country.

17-Chandrayaan-1 was India’s first unmanned lunar probe.

18-GAGAN is a system designed by ISRO to receive signal from GPS (USA’s GNSS service) and refine it in a number of way to provide more accurate data for Indian subcontinent mostly for civil usage.

19-Bhuvan is a web-based 3D satellite imagery tool developed by ISRO. It is the desi form of Google Earth.

20-In September of 2012, ISRO completed its 100th space mission with the launch of two foreign satellites.

21- ISRO is planning a mission to Venus by May 2017 to study its atmosphere. The probe will carry at least five instruments.

22-ISRO has helped other countries in launching their satellites into the desired orbits. To date, it has launched about 35 foreign satellites.

23-Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma of Indian Air Force became the first Indian to fly in space in 1984 as part of a joint program between the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the Soviet Intercosmos space program. He was awarded “Hero of the Soviet Union” prize by the Soviet Union. He is also the winner of Ashoka Chakra India’s highest peacetime military award

24-SAGA-220 supercomputer created by ISRO in May 2011 was the fastest supercomputer in India at the time of its launch.

25-Mangalayaan traveled 780 Million kms for Rs 450 Crore or approximately Rs. 6 per km. That is less than what most autorickshaws charge in India.

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