Polity,

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Polity

1- Indian constitution is the largest written constitution of the world. Indian constituion made with the help of drafting committee headed by Dr. B. R Ambedkar. When the constitution of India was made for the first time, there was 395 Article’s, and 12 Schedule’s in it. Indian constitution passed on 26th November, 1949 and came into force on 26th January, 1950.

2-Fundamental rights is one of the major pillar of Indian Constitution. The structure of the Fundamental rights is taken from America. At present 6 Fundamental rights are there in Indian Constition. These are as below;

1. Right to Equality, 2. Right to Freedom, 3. Right against exploitation, 4. Right to freedom of religion, 5. Cultural and educational rights, 6. Right to constituional remedies.

3-Indian parliament consists of President and two houses, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Among these two houses Rajya Sabha is the upper house and Lok Sabha is the lower house. Also Rajya sabha is called as council of states where Lok sabha is called as House of the people.

4-Drafting Committee formed on 29th August, 1947. The chairman of drafting committee was Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. Drafting Committee plays an huge role to form  Indian Constituion.

5-The main aim of Constitution Asssembly was drafting a constituion of India. First day of Constitution Asssembly was on 9th December, 1946. At that time Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha was the of Constitution Asssembly. Then Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the president of Constitution Asssembly. After that Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the first President of India.

6-Right to equality are funademtal rights of Indian Constituion. These are comesunder 14 to18 number Articles.
Number 14 : Law is for Everyone.
Number 15 : No foul behaviour to any certain Caste, Religion or sex.
Number 16 : Same rights for all government employees.
Number 17 : Right against Untouchability.
Number 18 : Right against designation or surname.

7-Right to freedom comes under Fundamentals rights of Indian Constitution. Right to freedom consists between Article number 19 to 22 in the Constitution of India. Right to freedom includes; right for speech and expression, assembly, meeting and movement, right to peaceful living, right for doing business in any place, right to education, compulsory education for atleast 14 years of age, right to protection against arrest and detention.

8-Right against exploitation comes under Fundamentals rights of the constitution of India. Right against exploitation consists between article number 23 and 24. Right against exploitation includes prohibition against forced labour and child labour. No one can be applied to forced labour and no child under 14 years of age can be allowed to work in and factory or dangerous places.

9-Right to freedom of religion comes under Fundamentals rights of the constitution of India. Right to freedom of religion consists between article number 25 to 28. It includes right to free religious profession, religious educational rights for religious educational institues, anyone can pay tax for religious affairs but it is not mandatory.

10-Government of India is formed by Constituion of India. Indian is a country that combining both Federal and Unitary form of Government. Thats why it is called as Quasifederal.

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