Polity-One Liners -June 15, 2017

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Polity-One Liners

 

1-Charging capitation fees for admission to educational institutions is illegal and amounted to denial of citizen’s right to education. This principle is laid down in Mohin Jain V/s State of Karnataka Case.

2-‘Rule of Law which permeates the entire fabric of the Indian Constitution excludes arbitrariness’. This principle is laid down in Maneka Gandhi V/s Union Government Case.

Maneka Gandhi
Maneka Gandhi

3-In Golak Nath Case case the Supreme Court restricted the authority of Parliament to amend FRs and declared these rights to be absolute, permanent and unalterable.

4-The principle of Judicial review of President’s Rule in State under the Article 356 is laid down in S.R. Bommai V/s Union of India.

5-The rule of Equality before law is not applicable to Governor of State.

6-Equal opportunity in matters of public employment is guaranteed under the Article 16.

7-The Sikhs in India are permitted to carry Kirpans. Under Right to freedom of religion, they are permitted to do so.

8-Right against exploitation granted by the Constitution prohibits traffic in human beings.

9-Article 15 (3) authorizes Parliament to discriminate in favor of women against men.

Parliament
Parliament

10-Article 15 (4) confers a special provisions for the advancement of SCs and STs.

11-Every person who has been arrested has the right to be produced before the Magistrate and he has to be produced before the Magistrate within 24 hours.

12-Article 21A was inserted under our Constitution by way of 86th Constitutional Amendment.

13-Right to education guaranteed under the Article 21A shall be between the age group of 6 to 14.

14-A Writ issued by the Supreme Court compelling a quasi-judicial / public authority to perform its mandatory duty is Mandamus.

15-Article 24 of the Constitution of India says, ‘No child below the age of 14 years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment’.

16-The Right to Property was removed from the list of FRs enlisted in the Constitution of India through 44th of the following Amendments.

17-Writ of Habeas Corpus means produce the body before the court.

18-Quo Warranto writ is issued by the Supreme Court if it sends an order to restrain a person from acting in an office to which he / she is not entitled.

19-Habeas Corpus writs literally means ‘you may have the body’.

20-Writ of Quo Warranto can be issued on the ground of Unlawful occupation of public office.

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