Polity One-Liners for various competitive examinations

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Polity One-Liners for various competitive examinations

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Here are some important Polity one-liners for students competing for various exams

 

Watch some of the important Polity Bits below.


Constitutional Landmark- Its Provisions

 

1-Charter Act, 1833

Under this, some of the important provisions are made.

a- Governor General of Bengal became Governor General of India.

b-Lord William Bentinck became the first Governor General of India.

c-The Indian Civil Services was founded.

d-The Act centralized British rule in India.


2-Government of India, Act, 1858

a-Governor General became the agent of the crown and now known as Viceroy of India.

b- Lord Canning became the first Viceroy of India


3-Charter Act of 1793

a-The Company got monopoly of trade with India for another 20 years

b-Salary of company to drawn from the Indian exchequer


4-Regulating Act, 1773

a-Established a Supreme Court at Calcutta

b-Warren Hastings was the first Governor-General.


5-Charter Act, 1853

a-Open competition for Indian Civil Services

b-Separated legislative & executive functions of Governor General’s Council


6-Pitts India Act, 1784

a-Board of Control was established under this act.

b-Indian affairs under direct control of British government


7-Indian Councils Act, 1861

a-Recognition to the ‘Portfolio’ system, was introduced by Lord Canning in 1859

b-Indians became non-official members of the legislature

c-Parliamentary system started in India


8-Indian Councils Act, 1909

* It is also known as Morley-Minto Reforms.

*Lord Morley was then the secretary of state for India and Lord Minto was then the Viceroy of India.

*Satyendra Prasad Sinha became the first Indian to join the Viceroy’s Executive Council


9- Government of India Act, 1919

*It is also known as Montague Chelmsford Reforms.

* Montague was the secretary of state for India and Lord Chelmsford was the viceroy of India.

*Under this Dyarchy/ Dual system of government was introduced.

*3 of the 6 members of governor-general’s council had to be Indians.

*Bicameral legislature with upper and lower houses were formed with direct elections.


10-Government of India Act, 1935

* This act has provided for the establishment of Reserve Bank of India, Federal Court, Public Service Commission, Provincial Public Service Commission & Joint Public Service Commission for
two or more Provinces

*Established All India Federation of provinces & princely states as constituent units.

*Introduced dyarchy at the center and bicameralism in the provinces


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