Polity One-Liners for various competitive examinations
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Here are some important Polity one-liners for students competing for various exams
Watch some of the important Polity Bits below.
1- The Indian Constitution recognizes 22 languages. They are Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu.
In 2003 Constitutional Amendment, Bodo, Maithili, Dogri, and Santhali were added.
2-The composition of India’s population is as follows-
a- Hindus-82 %
e-Buddhists and Jain-less than 1 % each.
3-For the all-round development of the individual, the Indian constitution guarantees six basic rights. These are called Fundamental rights.
4- Every adult citizen who crosses the age of 18 years is given the right to vote. This is called an adult franchise.
5-Secularism means non-interference of the state in religious matters. It is called Dharmanirapekshata.
6-Federalism means the sharing of subjects between the center and the state governments and working together.
7-N.D.C– National Development Council.
8- Social Justice is the redistribution of social wealth among all sections of people and also curb economic, caste, religious differences in society.
9-The word Federation is derived from the Latin word ‘Foedus’ which means an agreement.
10-A Country which has an elected representative as the Head of the state is called a republic. Indian President is the head of the state elected by the members of the Parliament and the State Legislative Assemblies.
11-The word Fraternity which is enshrined in the Preamble ensures the dignity of the individual.
12-As many as 1652 languages and dialects are spoken in India. There are nearly 6748 castes in India.
13-In 1884 the electoral principle was first introduced in India for local bodies.
14-In 1952 first General Elections were held.
15-In 1892 the electoral principle was first introduced in India for provincial councils.
16-In 1977 the sixth General elections were held.
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