Indian Agriculture – Important Points
1.Agriculture in our country provides livelihood to 60% of the population.
2. National Food for Work Programme was launched on November 14, 2004.
3. As per the final estimates, the production of foodgrains during 2008-09 stood at 234.47 million tones.
4. India is the largest producer, processor, consumer and exporter of Cashew in the world.
5. Silvi Culture is the scientific management of forests for continuous production of concerned products.
6.Agmark is an acronym for agricultural marketing. This organization certifies food products for their quality.
7. Top producer of pulses in india – Madhya Pradesh.
8. Cotton in india grows best on black soil.
9. The ideal temperature for the growth of sugarcane is 20-30oC.
10. The Ministry of Agriculture established the Animal Welfare Board of India at Chennai.
11.In making the saffron spice the parts of the plant which is used – Stigma.
12. The largest producer of chillies in the world is India.
13. Operation flood is concerned with the improving the availability of milk in the cities.
14.U.P. has the largest area under irrigation in terms of total acreage.
15. Kerala accounts for 90% of India’s rubber production.
16. The most important resin producing state in india is – Himachal Pradesh.
17. Kerala is the leading producer of ginger.
18. Gujrat has the largest proportion of its net irrigated area under well irrigation.
19. U.P. is called the sugar bowl of India.
20. Andhra Pradesh is the leading producer of red chillies.
21. Kerala is the leading producer of coconut.
22.Agriculture and allied activities contribute to country’s GDP about 14.2%.
23. The country is estimated to have harvested a record 235.88 million tonnes of foodgrains in the 2010-11 crop year. In 2010-11, the country produced 30.2 million tonnes of oilseeds and 17.2 million tonnes of pulses, 94.5 million tonnes of rice and 84 million tonnes of wheat and maize production was 30 million tonnes, sugarcanes 340 million tonnes and cotton 39 million bales.
24. The first state in the country to address the agriculture sector in such a big way with the setting up the specific cabinet on agriculture – Bihar.
25. In India, the seeds of Green Revolution were first tested in the drought year of 1964-65.
26. India coffee export increased nearly by 60% to touch 3,25,116 tonnes in 2010-11. This is the highest quantity ever exported by the country.
27. Rice is a – Tropical plant.
28- India ranks fourth in wheat production. Uttar Pradesh is the highest wheat producing state of India followed by Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, and Haryana.
29-India is the second most tea producing country and in India Assam is the most tea producing state. Karnataka is the highest coffee producing state.
30-India ranks second in agricultural output and India is in top five positions for about 80 percent of products produced from farm.
31-Cotton and Jute are the main fiber crops produced in India. Maharashtra is the largest producer of cotton and West Bengal is the largest producer of Jute.
32-The main food grain of India is rice. India ranks second worldwide in rice production. West Bengal is the top state in rice production followed by Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh,Punjab, and Bihar. Yield wise, Tamilnadu ranks first in rice production. Central rice research institute is located in Cuttack, Odisha
33-Some of the millets produced in India are Bajra, Jowar, Ragi. Maharashtra is the highest Jowar producer in India. In Bajra production Rajasthan and in Ragi production Karnataka ranks first
34-Sugarcane is one of the main crops produced by India. Uttar Pradesh is the key state in producing sugarcane. Central research centre for sugarcane in located in Lucknow.