History- Rani of Jhansi

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History-

Rani of Jhansi

1-Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi was the queen of the Maratha-ruled Jhansi State, situated in the north-central part of India.
2-She is born as Manikarnika Tambe into a Marathi Brahmin family on 19 November 1828, Varanasi, India
3-She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
4-She was named Manikarnika and was nicknamed Manu.
5- Her father was Moropant Tambe (a retainer of Chimmaji Appa, the brother of Baji Rao) and her mother Bhagirathi Sapre (Bhagirathi Bai).
6-Her mother died when she was of four years.
7-Manikarnika was married to the Maharaja of Jhansi, Raja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar, in May 1842.
8-She was afterwards called Lakshmibai (or Laxmibai) in honour of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi.
9- She gave birth to a boy, later named Damodar Rao, in 1851, who died after four months.
10- In March 1854, Lakshmibai was given an annual pension of Rs. 60,000 and ordered to leave the palace and the fort.
11- Rani Lakshmibai has been known to the British most commonly as ‘the Rani of Jhansi’; in Hindi she is often known as ‘Jhansi ki Rani’
12-Rani Lakshmibai was accustomed to riding on horseback between the palace and the temple although sometimes she was carried by palanquin.
13- Her horses included Sarangi, Pavan and Badal
14-She rode Badal when escaping from the fort in 1858.
15-The Rani Mahal, the palace of Rani Lakshmibai, has now been converted into a museum.
16- An army doctor, Thomas Lowe, wrote after the rebellion characterising her as the “Jezebel of India.
17- She died on 18 June 1858 (aged 29), Kotah ki Serai, near Gwalior, India
18- Her tomb is in the Phool Bagh area of Gwalior.
19- Laxmibai National University of Physical Education in Gwalior and Maharani Laxmi Bai Medical College in Jhansi are named after her.
20-. The Rani Jhansi Marine National Park is located in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal.
21-Rani Laxmi Bai Central Agricultural University in Jhansi was founded in 2013.
22-In 1957 two postage stamps were issued to commemorate the centenary of the rebellion: the 15 n.p. stamp portrayed the Rani on horseback.
23-The most famous composition of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan is the Hindi poem Jhansi ki Rani, an emotionally charged description of the life of Rani Lakshmibai.
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