History of India -Important Points
1-Considered a cradle of civilisation, the Indus Valley Civilisation, which spread and flourished in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent from 3300 to 1300 BCE, was the first major civilisation in South Asia.
2-Most of the subcontinent was conquered by the Maurya Empire during the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE.
3- From the 3rd century BC onwards Prakrit and Pali literature in the north and the Sangam literature in southern India started to flourish.
4-Muslim rule started in parts of north India in the 13th century when the Delhi Sultanate was founded in 1206 CE by nomadic Central Asian Turks.
5- The Delhi Sultanate ruled the major part of northern India in the early 14th century, but declined in the late 14th century
6-The 15th century saw the emergence of Sikhism.
7-In the 16th century, Mughals came from Central Asia and gradually covered most of India.
8-The Bronze Age in the Indian subcontinent began around 3300 BCE with the early Indus Valley Civilisation.
9-The Vedic period is named after the Indo-Aryan culture of north-west India, although other parts of India had a distinct cultural identity during this period.
10- The Vedas are some of the oldest extant texts in India.
11-The Vedic period, lasting from about 1750 to 500 BCE, contributed the foundations of several cultural aspects of the Indian subcontinent.
12-The peepal tree and cow were sanctified by the time of the Atharva Veda.
13-Early Vedic society is described in the Rigveda, the oldest Vedic text, believed to have been compiled during 2nd millennium BCE.
14-The Iron Age in the Indian subcontinent from about 1200 BCE to the 6th century BCE is defined by the the rise of Janapadas, which are realms, republics and kingdoms.
15-The Hindu epic Mahabharata calls Brihadratha the first ruler of Magadha.
16- King Bimbisara of the Haryanka dynasty led an active and expansive policy, conquering Anga in what is now West Bengal.
17-The death of King Bimbisara was at the hands of his son, Prince Ajatashatru.
18- Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, lived much of his life in Magadha kingdom. He attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya, gave his first sermon in Sarnath and the first Buddhist council was held in Rajgriha.
19-The Haryanka dynasty was overthrown by the Shishunaga dynasty.
20-The last Shishunaga ruler, Kalasoka, was assassinated by Mahapadma Nanda in 345 BCE.
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