1- The time period of Indus Civilization / Harappan Civilization is 2500 BC – 1750 BC
2-Dholavira was the largest Indian site of Indus Civilization.
3-Shatughai and Mundigaq are the two Indus sites found in Afghanistan.
4-Vedic Culture was from 1500 BC to 600 BC
5-Lothal was the ancient port of Indus Civilization
6-The Epic and Early Puranic period, from c. 200 BCE to 500 CE, saw the classical “Golden Age” of Hinduism
7-The six branches of Hindu philosophy evolved are namely Samkhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mīmāṃsā, and Vedanta.
8- The period from roughly 650 to 1100 CE forms the late Classical period or early Middle Ages.
9-James Mill in his The History of British India (1817), distinguished three phases in the history of India, namely Hindu, Muslim and British civilisations.
10-Pre-history and Indus Valley Civilisation (until c. 1750 BCE)
11- Vedic period (c. 1750-500 BCE)
12- Second Urbanisation (c. 600-200 BCE)
13- Classical Period (c. 200 BCE-1200 CE)
14- Pre-classical period (c. 200 BCE-300 CE)
15- Golden Age (Gupta Empire) (c. 320-650 CE)
16- Late-Classical period (c. 650-1200 CE)
17-Medieval Period (c. 1200-1500 CE)
18- Early Modern Period (c. 1500-1850)
19- Modern period (British Raj and independence) (from c. 1850).
20-The Indo-Aryans were a branch of the Indo-European language family, which many scholars believe originated in Kurgan culture of the Central Asian steppes,
21-The Indo-Aryans were pastoralists who migrated into north-western India after the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilization.
22-The Indo-Aryans split-off around 1800-1600 BCE from the Iranians.
23-During the Early Vedic period (c. 1500 – 1100 BCE) Vedic tribes were pastoralists, wandering around in north-west India.
24-The earliest text of the Vedas is the Rigveda, a collection of poetic hymns used in the sacrificial rites of Vedic priesthood.
25-The royal horse sacrifice (Ashvamedha) is a central rite in the Yajurveda.
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