History – History of Telangana

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History

 

History of Telangana

 

1-Telangana region became part of the Golconda Sultanate (1529–1687).

2-On 2 June 2014, Telangana became the 29th state of India, consisting of the ten districts, with Hyderabad as its capital.

3-The city of Hyderabad will continue to serve as the joint capital for Andhra Pradesh and the successor state of Telangana for a period of ten years.

4-The most prominent ruler in Kakatiya dynasty was Rani Rudrama Devi (1262–1289), one of the few queens in Indian history.

5-On the death of Rudrama at the beginning of 1290, her grandson Prataparudra, whom she adopted as her son and heir apparent on the advice of her father Ganapatideva, ascended the throne.

6-The Kakatiyas are known through their famous architecture such as Warangal Fort, Ramappa Temple, Thousand Pillar Temple

7-The Kakatiya dynasty faced Muslim onslaughts beginning in 1310 and came under the control of the Delhi Sultanate in 1323.

8- The Muslim Nizam of Hyderabad wanted to retain his independence from India, but was forced to cede his state to India in 1948 to form Hyderabad State.

9-Operation Polo, the code name of the Hyderabad ‘Police Action’ was a military operation in September 1948 in which the Indian Armed Forces invaded the State of Hyderabad and overthrew its Nizam, annexing the state into the Indian Union.

10-Warangal Fort, in Warangal has four ornamental gates, known as Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, that originally formed the entrances to a now ruined great Shiva temple.

11-The Kakatiyan arch has been adopted and officially incorporated into the Emblem of Telangana after the state bifurcation.

12-Warangal Fort, in Warangal appears to have existed since at least the 12th century when it was the capital of the Kakatiya dynasty.

13-Initially, Warangal was under the rule of the Yadava kings in the 8th century; in the 12th century, it came under the control of the Kakatiya dynasty.

14-In 1309, Malik Kafur, the general of Alauddin Khilji, attacked the fort with a large force of 100,000 men.

15-The fort then came under the control of the Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golconda and later under the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad.

16-Ramappa Temple also known as the Ramalingeswara temple, is located 77 km from Warangal.

17-An inscription in the temple dates it to the year 1213 AD and said to have been built by a General Recherla Rudra, during the period of the Kakatiya ruler Ganapati Deva.

18-The temple is a Shivalaya, where Lord Ramalingeswara is worshiped.

19-Temple is known by the name of the sculptor Ramappa, who built it. The history says that it took 40 years to build this temple.

20-Ramappa temple is located in Palampet, Venkatapur mandal which is 19 km far from Mulugu Mandal (around 70 km off Warangal Town).

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