History – History of Andhra Pradesh

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History

 

History of Andhra Pradesh

 

1-Andhra Pradesh is mentioned in Sanskrit epics such as Aitareya Brahmana (800 BCE).

2-Andhra Pradesh’s recorded history begins in the Vedic period.

3-In the sixth century BCE, Assaka was one of India’s sixteen kingdoms.

4- It was succeeded by the Satavahana dynasty (230 BCE-220 CE), who built the city of Amaravati.

5- In the late second century CE, the Andhra Ikshvakus ruled the eastern region along the Krishna River.

6-During the fourth century, the Pallava dynasty extended their rule from southern Andhra Pradesh to Tamilakam and established their capital at Kanchipuram.

7-Between 1163 and 1323 the Kakatiya dynasty emerged, bringing the Telugu region under unified rule.

8- Telugu language emerged as a literary medium with the writings of Nannayya.

9-The struggle for Andhra ended with the victory of the Musunuri Nayaks over the Turkic Delhi Sultanate.

10-The Telugu achieved independence under Krishnadevaraya of the Vijayanagara Empire (1336–1646).

11-The British achieved supremacy when they defeated Maharaja Vijaya Rama Gajapati Raju of Vizianagaram in 1792.

12-Andhra’s modern foundation was laid in the struggle for Indian independence under Mohandas Gandhi.

13-Potti Sriramulu’s campaign for a state independent of the Madras Presidency and Tanguturi Prakasam Panthulu and Kandukuri Veeresalingam’s social-reform movements led to the formation of Andhra State, with Kurnool its capital and freedom-fighter Pantullu its first chief minister.

14-India became independent from the United Kingdom in 1947.

15- In 1956, Andhra State was merged with the Telugu-speaking portion of Hyderabad State to create the state of Andhra Pradesh.

16-The Lok Sabha approved the formation of Telangana from ten districts of Andhra Pradesh on 18 February 2014.

17-The script of the Bhattiprolu inscriptions was the progenitor of the Brahmi Lipi, which later diversified into modern Telugu and Tamil scripts.

18-According to Megasthenes, who visited the court of Chandragupta Maurya (322-297), the Andhras had 30 fortified towns and an army of 1,000,000 infantry, 2,000 cavalry and 1,000 elephants.

19-The court language used by the Satavahanas was Prakrit.

20-The Andhra Ikshvakus established a kingdom along the Krishna River in the second half of the second century CE. Their capital was Vijayapuri (Nagarjunakonda).

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