History – Chola dynasty

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History

Chola dynasty

1-The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India.

2-The heartland of the Cholas was the fertile valley of the Kaveri River.

3-The Chola fleet represented the zenith of ancient Indian sea power.

4-The Chola dynasty went into decline at the beginning of the 13th century with the rise of the Pandyan Dynasty, which ultimately caused their downfall.

5-The Chola school of art spread to Southeast Asia and influenced the architecture and art of Southeast Asia

6-The Cholas are also known as the Choda.

7-Cholas were mentioned in Ashokan Edicts of 3rd Century BCE as one of the neighboring country existing in South.

8-The Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang, who spent several months in Kanchipuram during 639–640 writes about the “kingdom of Culi-ya”, in an apparent reference to these Telugu Cholas.

9-Vijayalaya was the founder of the Imperial Chola dynasty which was the beginning of one of the most splendid Empires in Indian history.

10-The second Chola King, Aditya I, caused the demise of the Pallava dynasty and defeated the Pandyan dynasty of Madurai.

11-Rajaraja Chola I and Rajendra Chola I were the greatest rulers of the Chola dynasty, extending it beyond the traditional limits of a Tamil kingdom

12-Rajendra Chola I built a new capital called Gangaikonda Cholapuram to celebrate his victories in northern India.

13-Rajendra Chola’s daughter Ammanga Devi was married to the Eastern Chalukya prince Rajaraja Narendra.

14-Virarajendra Chola’s son, Athirajendra Chola, was assassinated in a civil disturbance in 1070, and Kulothunga Chola I, the son of Ammanga Devi and Rajaraja Narendra, ascended the Chola throne.

15-After Rajendra Chola moved his capital to Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Thanjavur lost its importance.

16-A martial art called Silambam was patronised by the Chola rulers.

17-Uraiyur, the capital of the early Chola rulers, was a famous centre for cotton textiles which were praised by Tamil poets

18-The Cholas excelled in foreign trade and maritime activity, extending their influence overseas to China and Southeast Asia.

19-Under the Cholas, the Tamil country reached new heights of excellence in art, religion, music and literature

20-The temple of Gangaikondacholisvaram at Gangaikondacholapuram, the creation of Rajendra Chola, was intended to excel its predecessor.

21-The Brihadisvara Temple, the temple of Gangaikondacholisvaram and the Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram were declared as World Heritage Sites by the UNESCO and are referred to as the Great living Chola temples

22-Chola records cite many works, including the Rajarajesvara Natakam, Viranukkaviyam and Kannivana Puranam

23-Nannul is a Chola era work on Tamil grammar. It discusses all five branches of grammar

24-The Cholas are featured in the History of the World board game, produced by Avalon Hill

25-The Cholas were the subject of the 2010 Tamil-language movie Aayirathil Oruvan.

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