1- His actual name was Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur. His name is derived from the Persian word ‘Babr’, which means Tiger.
2-Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526.He captured Delhi and founded the greatest dynasty of North India — the Mughal Empire.
3- Babur was a descendant of Timur on his father’s side and of Chengiz Khan on the side of his mother.
4-He was the eldest son of Umar Sheikh Mirza, a direct descendant of Turk-Mongol conqueror Timur, also known as Tamurlane. His mother was a direct descendant of Asia’s conqueror Genghis Khan.
5-He defeated Rana Sanga, who considered Babur as a foreign invader, in the Battle of Khanwa
6-He ascended the throne of Fergana (now in Uzbekistan) in 1495, at the age of 12. In 1504, he conquered Kabul, which was an important citadel in Central Asia.
7- Babur was well-known for his oratory and literary skills. Although a religious person, Babur indulged in drinking. He once said, quoting a contemporary poet, “I am drunk, officer. Punish me when I am sober.”
8- He is considered a national hero in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. He wrote his autobiography, Baburnama, in Chaghatai Turkic. It was translated to Persian during the reign of his grandson Akbar.
9-Babur was invited by Daulat Khan Lodi, a rebel of the Lodi dynasty, in 1524, to invade North India and fight the dynasty and their enemies in Rajputana.
10-He was a skilled musician played Naqqara
11-Shahbani Khan was the uzbek chief who defeated Babur and capture samarqand
12-Introduced Gaz-i-Ilahi of 41 digits a new yard for land measurement
13-Daulat Khan sent Dilawar Khan Lodi (son of Daulat Khan Lodi) to Babur to come to India
14-He declared Jihad against Indian ruler Rana sanga of mewar
15-He passed away on December 26 in 1530. He was 48.
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