GK/General Awareness/G-Studies,

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International Agencies

1- Amnesty International:

About- It is an NGO with over 7 million members and supporters around the world.

Objective: To conduct research and generate action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights, and to demand justice for those whose rights have been violated.

Amnesty International(AI) was founded in London in July 1961 by English labour lawyer Peter Benenson

Awards:

The organisation was awarded the 1977 Nobel Peace Prize for its “campaign against torture and the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights in 1978

Motto: It is better to light a candle than to curse the darkness.

Headquarters: London, U.K.

Secretary General: Salil Shetty

2- World Bank:

About– It is a Financial Institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital Programs.

It comprises two institutions:

a- the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)

b- the International Development Association (IDA).

Objective (Official goal ) : Reduction of Poverty

Founded: In July 1944

President: Jim Yong Kim

Motto: Working for a world free of Poverty.

Headquarters: Washington D.C. U.S.

Founders:  John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White.

Membership

188 countries (IBRD)

172 countries (IDA)

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