Biology,

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Biology

1-Anthropophagites, or cannibals, are humans who eat human meat

2-Common diseases that are caused by nutritional deficiencies include beriberi (Vitamin B1-thiamine), pellagra (B3-niacin), anemia (B12-cobalamin), and scurvy (C-ascorbic acid)

3-Nutrients are divided into two major groups: macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients include protein, carbohydrates, water, and fats. Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals

4-Vitamins are grouped according to their solubility in either fat or water. Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat soluble.Vitamin B complexes and Vitamin C are water soluble

5-The word health comes from the Anglo-Saxon term hal meaning wholeness.

6-Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to anemia, neural disorders, and psychotic behavior.

7-Insects such as termites and ants provide 10% of the protein consumed worldwide

8-Smoking marijuana cigarettes increases a person’s appetite by a whopping 40%

9-An adult can starve to death within 8-12 weeks

10-Nutrition is derived from nourish, which is from the Latin nutrire, meaning to feed, nurse, support, and preserve literally.

11-Vitamin D is unusual because it is the only vitamin that can be synthesized in the body. Sunlight is the main source of Vitamin D

12-There are approximately 60 nutrients which are placed in six major categories: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water.

13-Eggs contain the highest quality food protein known. All parts of an egg are edible, including the shell which has a high calcium content.

14-Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) or Mad Cow Disease cannot be killed in meat by cooking

15-Minerals constitute 4% of our body weight

16-The term vitamin was coined by Polish-American chemist Casimir Funk and is derived from vital (necessary for life) and amine (a compound containing nitrogen and hydrogen)

17-Vitamin D is also the only vitamin that is a hormone.

18-The digestive tract (alimentary canal) in humans includes the mouth, esophagus, small intestine (duodenum, jejunum, illeum), and large intestine (caecum, colon, rectum, anus).

19-A deficiency of calcium/vitamin D during infancy or childhood results in rickets (deformed bones)

20-The best way to lose weight is to eat fewer calories and increase exercise

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