It is the 15 Census of India since 1872.
The motto of census 2011 was ‘Our Census, Our future’.
As per the provisional figures of Census 2011, the population of the country is 1210.19 million.
* 623.72 million (51.54%) are males and 586.46 million (48.46%) are females.
Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 Males)
Sex ration in India – 940
Highest Female Sex Ratio- Kerala (1,058)
Lowest Female Sex Ratio- Haryana( 861)
Union Territory –
Highest Female Sex Ratio- Pondicherry(1,001)
Lowest Female Sex Ratio- Daman & Diu( 710)
J&K, Bihar & Gujarat states have shown decline in sex ratio as compared to Census 2001.
Uttar Pradesh (199.5 million) is the most populous State.
Next comes Maharashtra with 112 million.
State with Lowest Population-Sikkim (6,07,688)
UT with Highest Population-Delhi
UT with Lowest Population-Lakshadweep
Total Person Literacy Rate- 74%
Highest Literacy Rate – Kerala state (90.9%) (In September 2013 Tripura topped the literacy
rate with with 94.65% per cent)
Lowest Literacy Rate- Bihar state (47.0%)
UT with Highest Literacy Rate- Lakshadweep (86.7%)
UT with Lowest Literacy Rate- Dadra & Nagar Haveli (57.6%)
District with Highest Literacy Rate-Aizwal, Mizoram (96.5%)
District with Lowest Literacy Rate-Dantewada Chhattisgarh (30.17%)
Density of Population (person per sq km)
Density of Population in India- 382
Highest Density in State- Delhi (11297)
Lowest Density in State- Arunachal Pradesh (17)
The percentage decadal growth rates of the six most populous States have declined during 2001-2011 compared to 1991-2001:
Bihar (28.62% to 25.07%)
West Bengal (17.77 % to 13.93%)
Uttar Pradesh (25.85% to 20.09%)
Maharashtra (22.73% to 15.99%)
Madhya Pradesh (24.26% to 20.30%)
Andhra Pradesh (14.59% to 11.10%)
It is to be mentioned here that the biggest shock in this census is the decline in the child gender ratio at 914 girls (up to six years) for every 1000 boys.
This is the lowest since Independence and it looks like a precipitous drop from a high of 976 girls in the 1961 census.