GK/General Awareness/G-Studies,

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Entomology terms -Glossary

Abdomen

Body of the insect, toward the posterior of the thorax.

Acaricide

A chemical employed to kill and control mites and ticks.

Acariphagous

Feeding on mites (also refers to parasitoids of mites).

Accessory gland

Any secondary gland of the glandular system.

Acylurea

A class of insect growth regulators

Adipocytes

A major cell type of insects that stores fat body and reserves nutrients

Aestivation

Summer dormancy, entered into when conditions are unfavourable for active life i.e. it is too hot or too dry.

Air sac

A dilated portion of a trachea

Alary muscles

Muscles along the dorsal diaphragm that may perform circulation.

Aldrin

(common name). A synthetic insecticide

Algophagy

Feeding on algae.

Aliphatic

A term applied to the “open chain” or fatty series of hydrocarbons.

Allopatric

Two or more forms of a species having essentially separate distributions.

Altruistic

Self-destructive. or potentially self-destructive behavior performed for the benefit of others.

Ambrosia

The fungus cultivated by wood-boring beetles of the family Scolytidae.

Ametabola

The insects which develop without metamorphosis, namely the Protura, Thysanura, and Collembola.

Amide

Compound derived from carboxylic acids by replacing the hydroxyl of the -COOH by the amino group, -NH2-.

Amine

An organic compound containing nitrogen, derived from ammonia, NH3, by replacing one or more hydrogen atoms by as many hydrocarbon radicals.

Amino acid

Organic compounds that contain the amino (NH2) group and the carboxyl (COOH) group. Amino acids are the “building stones” of proteins.

Ammonia

A colorless alkaline gas, NH3, soluble in water.

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