Geography -Important Points For Exams

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Geography

 

1-Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world (after Mount Everest and K2) and the tallest peak in India.
The height of Kangchenjunga is 8,586 metres. There are total 5 peaks out of which three lies on border of India and Nepal, while the other two are completely in Nepal

2-Ganga river rises in the western Himalayas in the Uttarakhand state of India, and drains into the Sunderbans delta in the Bay of Bengal.
Three cities of India namely Haridwar, Allahabad, and Varanasi attract large number of pilgrims for the holy dip in the river Ganga, as it is considered a sacred river to the Hindu’s

3-Siachen Glacier is the largest glacier in India. At 75.6 km long and 2.8 km wide, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world’s non-polar areas.

4-Mahe is the smallest district in India with an area of 9 sq. km. Mahe is geographically located in the state of Kerala.

5-Kachchh also spelled as Kutch of Gujarat state is the largest District in India. The administrative headquarters of Kachchh is in Bhuj.

6-Lakshadweep is the smallest Union Territory in India with an area of 32 sq km. Lakshadweep group of islands lie in the Arabian Sea. There are 36 islands.The administrative head quarter of Lakshadweep is at Kavaratti.

7-Andaman & Nicobar Islands with an area of 8,249 sq km is the largest union territory in India. The group of 572 islands is located in the Bay of Bengal.

8-Sundarban is the largest delta in India and come under the category of world’s largest delta formed by the rivers Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna.

9-Majuli Island in Assam is the largest River Island in India. Majuli is in the Brahmaputra River, and is about 200 kilometres east from Guwahati, the capital of Assam.

10-Wular Lake is the largest fresh water lake of India and also ranked the largest fresh water lake of Asia. The Wular Lake is located in the in Bandipore district of Jammu and Kashmir.

11-The southern most point of Indian mainland is Kanyakumari, also referred as Cape Comorin, is located in the state of Tamil Nadu. Kanyakumari is the confluence of the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal.

12-India’s western extreme point is Ghuar mota in Gujarat.Ghuar Mota is in the western most point of the country.The southern most point of India is Indira point, tip of the Great Nicobar Island.

13-The Kibithu is the easternmost point of India. It is a tiny village located in the Lohit district of Arunachal Pradesh bordering China’s Tibet region.

14-Siachen Glacier is the northernmost point of India under the control of Indian government, located in the State of Jammu & Kashmir.

 

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