History -Ancient India -Exam Special

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History -Ancient India

 

1-Earlier Aryans settled in the area of Sapt-Sindhu, which included Punjab, Kashmir, Sindh, Kabul and Gandhara (Kandhar).

2-There are 6 school of Indian philosophy known as Shad-Darshans
Darshana Founder

(1) Nyaya Gautama

(2) Sankhya Kapila

(3) Yoga Patanjali

(4) Vaishesika Kanada

(5) Mimanra Jaimini
(6) Vedant/Uttara mimaura– Badarayana
Buddhism

1-The Buddha is also known by the name as Sakyamuni or Tathagata.

2- He was born in 563 BC on the Vaishakha Poornima day at Lumbini (near Kapilavastu), in Nepal.

3-Suddhodana was the father of Buddha, who was a Shakya/Sakya ruler.

4- Mother (Mahamaya, of Kosala dynasty) died after 7 days of his birth, brought up by stepmother Gautami.

5- Buddha was married at the age of 10 to Yoshodhara. Enjoyed the married life for 3 years and had a son named Rahul

6- Buddha decided to become a wanderer after seeing an old man, a sick man, a corpse and an ascetic.

7- Buddha left his palace when he was 29 years. He went in search of truth (also called Mahabhinishkramana’ or the Cheat renunciation) and wandered for 6 years.

8- Buddha attained ‘Enlightenment’ at Gaya in Magadha (Bihar) under the Pipal tree.

9- He delivered the first sermon at Samath. ‘Dharmachakra Privartana’ or ‘Turning of the wheel of Law’ is his first Sermon.

10- Buddha attained Mahaparinirvana at Kushinagar ( learnt to be identical with village Kasia in Deoria district of UP), in 483 BC at the age of 80 in the Malla republic.

 

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