Polity & Constitution

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GK –  1   Polity & Constitution
* Under article 148, the constitution of India has provided
for an independent office of the Comptroller and auditor general of India.
* Supreme Court (SC) is the final interpreter of  Indian Constitution.
*Part 20 of the constitution deals with the amendment of the
constitution.
*Concurrent list concept of Indian constitution has been
borrowed from Australian Constitution.
* The Supreme Court of India gives advice to President on a
matter of law or fact only if President seeks such advice.
*The members of constituent assembly who drafted the
constitution of India were elected by Legislative assemblies of various provinces.
* The Chief Minister of a state in India is not eligible to
participate in the election of President if he is a member of upper house of
state Legislature.
*The Chairman of National Human Rights Commission should be
retired Chief Justice of India.
*Right to constitutional remedies conferred by Indian
Constitution  is also available to non
citizens.
* Economic Justice of Indian constitution has been provided
in the Preamble and Directive Principles of state policy.
* Governor appoints District Judges in a state.
* France’s constitution is a mixture of both Parliamentary
and Presidential forms of governments.
* One of the important 
responsibility of welfare state is to check exploitation.
* Political parties are main ingredients of  Parliamentary form of government.
* The Parliament can legislate on the subjects mentioned in
the unions and concurrent lists.
*  The constitutional
principle of Basic structure was invented by Judiciary.
* Goal of Indian polity is socialism which has been enacted
by inserting  the word ‘Socialist ‘nin
the Preamble  by 42nd amendment of
Constitution.
* India is a secular state that has been implied in the
phrase Liberty of Faith and Worship.
*  India has the
longest constitution in the world that has 448 articles, 12 schedules and 94
amendments.
* The guiding principles (objective resolution) of the
constitution has been moved by Pt Jawahar Lal Nehru on December 13, 1946 which
has served the road map for constitution.
* Dr BR Ambedkar has been made the Chairman of constituent
drafting committee on August 29,1947.
* The drafting committee was hand written and calligraphed
the constitution both in English and in Hindi language. There was no use of
typing or printing.
* It was  a rainy day
when Indian Constitution was signed. People considered it as a good omen.
* Constituent Assembly took two years, 11 months and 17 days
to pass the Constitution.

* 284 members of Constituent Assembly  had signed Constitution document on January
24,1950. After 2 days the Constitution came into force.
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