Bal Gangadhar Tilak
1-Date and Place of Birth: 23 July 1856, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra
2-Parents: GangadharTilak (father) and Parvatibai (mother). Father was a noted Sanskrit scholar and school teacher at Ratnagiri.
3-Spouse: Tapibai renamed Satyabhamabai
4-He was associated with Indian National Congress, Indian Home Rule League, Deccan Educational Society,Indian Independence Movement
5-Bal Gangadhar Tilak was an Indian social reformer and freedom activist. He was the strongest advocates of Swaraj or Self Rule for India.
6-Bal Gangadhar Tilak’s famous declaration ‘Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it’ served as an inspiration for future revolutionaries during India’s struggle for freedom.
7-The British Government termed Bal Gangadhar Tilak as the ‘Father of Indian Unrest’.
8-After graduating from Deccan College, Pune, in 1877 in Sanskrit and Mathematics, Tilak studied L.L.B. at the Government Law College, Bombay (now Mumbai). He received his law degree in 1879.
9-He started the Deccan Educational Society with college batchmates, Vishnu Shastry Chiplunkar and Gopal Ganesh Agarkar.
10-Tilak founded two newspapers ‘Kesari’ in Marathi and ‘Mahratta’ in English.
11-Bal Gangadhar Tilak joined the Indian National Congress in 1890.
12-Following the partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon, Tilak wholeheartedly supported the Swadeshi (Indigenous) movement and Boycott of British goods.
13-Tilak’s endeavours were supported by fellow nationalists Bipin Chandra Pal of Bengal and Lala Lajpat Rai of Punjab. The trio came to be popularly referred to as the Lal-Bal-Pal.
14-His article inspired the Chapekar brothers and they carried out assassination of Commissioner Rand and Lt. Ayerst on June 22, 1897. As a result of this, Tilak was imprisoned for 18 months on Sedition charges for inciting murder.
15-He openly supported the revolutionaries Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki’s efforts to assassinate Chief Presidency Magistrate Douglas Kingsford in 1908
16-Tilak founded the All India Home Rule League in 1916 with Joseph Baptista, Annie Besant and Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
17- Tilak proposed Grand celebrations on ‘Ganesh Chaturthi’ and ‘Shivaji Jayanti’.
18-The Marathi newspaper started by Tilak is still in circulation although now it is a daily instead of a weekly during Tilak’s time
19- He was passed away on 1 August 1920
20- Memorial: Tilak Wada, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra
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