Major Canals of the World –
Canals are man-made channels for water.
There are two types of canal —
A- Waterways: These sre navigable transportation canals used for carrying ships and boats shipping goods and conveying people.
These are further subdivided into two kinds –
1. Those connected to existing lakes, rivers, or oceans.
These are inter-basin canals, such as the Suez Canal, Erie Canal, and the Panama Canal.
2. Those connected in a city network: such as the Canal Grande and others of Venice Italy and the waterways of Bangkok.
B- Aqueducts: The water supply canals that are used for the conveyance and delivery of potable water for human consumption, municipal uses, and agriculture irrigation.
Rills and acequias are small versions.
1. Suez Canal: It is built in 1869 by the French engineer (Ferdenand de Lesseps).
This was nationalized by Col- Nasser (Egypt) on July 26, 1956.
It is connected between Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea. It is 193 Km long, 24 m deep and 205 m wide and is the Greatest Canal.
Suez Canal also known as ‘Highway to India’.
2. Panama Canal: It Connects Atlantic Ocean (via the Caribbean Sea) and Pacific Ocean. It is 58 km Long. It was opened in 1914.
3. Kiel Canal: It connects London and Baltic Ports (North Sea and Baltic Sea). It is 98 Km long.
* Major Water Transportation:
1. North Atlantic Sea Route: It connects Eastern coast of North America and Western Europe. It is the World’s Largest busy transport route.
2. South Atlantic Sea Route: It connects South American countries and Western Europe.
3. North Pacific Route: It connects North America and East Asia.
4. South Pacific Route: It connects North America, Europe and Australia.
5. Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean Route: It connects America, Europe, Asia and African countries. This route is famous for oil trade.
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