Biology One Liners For Competitive Examinations- September 10, 2019

Please follow and like us:

 

 

Biology One Liners For Competitive Examinations- September 10, 2019

Thank You all for landing on the page of Biology.

The subject of Biology plays an important role in various competitive examinations conducted by various organizations.

Biology One-Liners help a lot.

The subject plays an important role in various competitive examinations conducted by various organizations.

Biology bits help a lot.


1- The blood moves to this region when the left ventricle in the human heart contracts.

1- Aorta
2- Lungs
3-Pulmonary Artery
4- Brain


2- This endocrine gland is also known as Master Gland.

1- Adrenal Gland.
2- Thyroid.
3- Pituitary Gland.
4- Parathyroid.


3- By which among the following Reflex actions are controlled by?

1- The nerves.
2- The cells.
3- The Spinal Cord.
4- The Brain.


4- Due to the presence of which substance, blood does not clot?

1-Fibrinogen.
2- Heparin.
3- Prothrombin.
4- Thrombin.


5- Name the method which is used to obtain alcohol from molasses?

1-Hydrolysis.
2-Fermentation.
3- Distillation.
4- Oxidation.


6- DPT vaccine is given to babies to protect from which diseases?

1- Diphtheria, small-pox, and tetanus.
2- Diphtheria, polio, and tetanus.
3- Diphtheria, Pneumonia, and tuberculosis.
4- Diphtheria, whooping cough, and tetanus.


7-  The Scurvy is a disease related to-?

1- Skin.
2- Liver.
3- Eyes.
4- Hair


8- The activities of internal organs are controlled by which part of the Nervous system?

1- Cerebrum.
2- Cerebellum.
3- Medulla Oblongata.
4- Spinal Cord.


9- What is Butter?

1- It is water dispersed in fat.
2- It is water dispersed in oil.
3- It is fat dispersed in milk.
4- It is fat dispersed in water.


10- Name the largest flightless bird that can run at a greater speed?

1-Ostrich.
2- Kiwi.
3- Emu.
4- Ostrich.


11- The population of which species among following is maximum on earth?

1- Birds.
2- Fish.
3- Reptiles.
4- Beetles.


12- What is Hemophilia?

1- It is a metabolic disorder.
2- A Hormonal disorder.
3- A Genetic disorder.
4- An Organic disorder.


13- From which organ Bile is produced?

1- Pancreas.
2- Duodenum.
3- Stomach.
4- Liver.


14- Blood Pressure is the pressure exerted by blood on the walls of?

1- Arteries.
2- Veins.
3- Heart.
4- Capillaries.


15- Fats are stored in which part of the body?

1-Adipose tissue.
2- Liver.
3- Epidermis.
4- Epithelium.


ANSWERS-

1-Aorta.

The aorta is the largest artery in the body.

* It begins at the top of the left ventricle.

* It carries blood away from the heart to the rest of the body.

* We can keep our Aorta healthy by keeping our blood pressure in control.

* It is the heart that pumps blood from the left ventricle into the aorta through the aortic valve.


2-Pituitary Gland.

* The pituitary is an important gland and is referred to as the ‘master gland’ in our body.

* This gland controls several of the other hormone glands.

* It is about the size of a pea and attached to the base of our brain by a thin stalk.

* It is situated in a bony hollow, that is just behind the bridge of our nose.


3-The Spinal Cord.

* Reflex action is involuntary. It is an automatic and fast movement.

* It is instantaneous movement in response to a stimulus.


4-Thrombin.

*  blood-clotting proteins generate thrombin. It is an enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin.


5- Fermentation.

* Fermentation is the process by means of which a substance breaks down into a simpler substance.

* Fermentation is also a metabolic process by means of which an organism converts a carbohydrate, such as starch or a sugar, into an alcohol or an acid.


6-Diphtheria, whooping cough, and tetanus.

* DPT (also known as DTP and DTwP).

* It is a combination of vaccines against three infectious diseases in humans. They are diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), and tetanus.


7- Skin.

*  The Scurvy disease occurs due to a vitamin C deficiency.

* A Scottish doctor James Lind was given the credit for discovering the Scurvy in 1747.


8-Medulla Oblongata.

* The medulla oblongata forms the hindbrain.

* Breathing, digestion, heart, and blood vessel function, swallowing, and sneezing are controlled by Medulla Oblongata.

* The spinal cord is a long, thin, tube-like structure composed of nervous tissue.

* This structure extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column.

* Cerebrum is the principal and most anterior part of the brain. It is the largest part of the brain.

* Cerebrum is the superior part of the brain which is the seat of reason, memory, planning, and sensory integration.

* The cerebellum ( also called little brain) is a major feature of the hindbrain of all vertebrates.

* The cerebellum coordinates voluntary movements like posture, coordination, balance, and speech.


9-It is water dispersed in fat.

* Butter is made by churning fresh or fermented cream or milk to separate the butterfat from the buttermilk.

* The density of butter is 911 grams per Litre (0.950 lb per US pint).


10- Ostrich.

* The common Ostrich are native to certain large areas of Africa.

* Scientific name: Struthio camelus.

* Speed: 70 km/h (Maximum).

* They can grow up to 9 feet (2.7 meters) tall and can weigh up to 320 lbs. (145 kilograms).

* Ostriches are omnivores, which means they eat both vegetation and meat.


11- Reptiles.

* Reptiles are tetrapod animals.

* Nearly all reptiles are cold-blooded(Ectohtermic) and lay shelled eggs.

* The reptiles live in a wide range of habitats.

* Reptiles Are Vertebrates.


12-A Genetic disorder.

* Hemophilia is an inherited genetic disorder.

* People having hemophilia may bleed for a longer time after an injury.

* Hemophilia A is also known as classic hemophilia or factor VIII deficiency.

* Hemophilia B is also known as Christmas disease or factor IX deficiency.


13- Liver.

* Bile is a dark green to a yellowish-brown fluid.

* It is produced by the liver which helps in the digestion of lipids in the small intestine.

* Bile has bile acids and salts,  pigments, phospholipids, water, and electrolyte chemicals as its composition.

* By secretion into bile, Many waste products, including bilirubin, are eliminated from the body.

* The liver is a dark reddish-brown organ. It is located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity.

* The liver lies beneath the diaphragm and on top of the stomach, right kidney, and intestines.

* The liver mainly filter the blood that comes from the digestive tract, before passing it to the rest of the body.


14- Arteries.

* The arteries are the blood vessels that carry the oxygen-rich blood from the heart to other tissues of the body.

* The Veins are blood vessels that transport blood toward the heart.

* Most veins transport the deoxygenated blood from the tissues back to the heart.

* Normal blood pressure is less than 120 over 80 (120/80).

* A top number (systolic) and bottom number (diastolic).

* Blood Pressure is measured by a sphygmomanometer.

* The instrument is also known as a blood pressure meter, blood pressure monitor, or blood pressure gauge.


15-Adipose tissue

* Adipose tissue is also known as body fat.

* It is a highly active metabolic and endocrine organ.

* The adipose tissues are of two types. One is white adipose tissue (WAT), that stores energy. Another one is brown adipose tissue (BAT), that generates body heat.


Also, watch Biology other bits here 

Also, watch Current Affairs here

Facebook Comments
(Visited 28 times, 1 visits today)
Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *