Biology- Glossary Terms

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Biology- Glossary Terms

 

 


 

 

Substrate: It is the food on which an enzyme acts.


Products: These are the substances released by the enzymes after the reaction is completed.


 

Amylase: It is found in saliva and duodenum. Used in industry to convert starch to sugars to make syrups and juices.


 

Incisors: The Teeth adapted for cutting food.


 

Enzymes: It is Biological catalysts.


 

Denatured: The Proteins like enzymes that get denatured by heat (loses its properties).


 

Protease: It is an enzymes used for tenderising meat.


 

Active site: It is the place where the substrate enters.


Biological Washing Powders: Washing powders that contain enzymes.


Cyanide: It is an Enzyme inhibitor.


 

Arsenic: It is an Enzyme inhibitor.


 

Root: It is the lower part of the tooth.


 

Canines: Teeth meant For holing and tearing.


 

Molars: Teeth meant For chewing and grinding food.


 

Premolars: Teeth meant For chewing and grinding food.


Crown: It is the upper part of the tooth.


 

Gas exchange: The process where oxygen is absorbed by the blood and carbon dioxide is exhaled out of the body. Don’t mix gas exchange with respiration. Respiration is a chemical reaction while gas exchange is just the exchange of gases.


 

Organic Molecules: The Molecule containing carbon.


 

Lactic Acid: It is an acid produced in muscle tissues during strenuous exercise when there is lack of oxygen.


 

Alcoholic Fermentation: It is a type of anaerobic respiration where alcohol is a product of the chemical reaction.


 

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