History- Important One Liners- Sept 2, 2017

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History- Important One Liners

 

1-Portuguese East India Company, headquartered at Cochin, later Goa was founded in 1498.

 

2-French East India Company, headquartered at Surat, later Pondicherry was founded in 1664.

 

3-Dutch East India Company, headquartered at Pulicat, later NagapattinamHugli was founded in 1602.

 

4-English East India Company,  headquartered at Surat, later Bombay, Masulipattnam, later Madras and finally Calcutta was founded in 1600.

 

5-Vasco Da Gama reached Calicut in 1498 and he found the Cape of Good Hope route from Europe to India.

Vasco–da–gama
Vasco–da–gama

6-Vasco Da Gama was received by the Hindu ruler of Calicut Zamorin.

 

7-Cochin was the first capital of Portuguese in India, but later Goa replaced it.

 

8-The first governor of Portuguese in India was Francisco de Almeida and he was well known for the introduction of a policy of Blue Water.

 

9-The second governor of Portuguese in India was Alfonso d’ Albuquerque in 1509.The policy of Imperialism was introduced by him.

 

10-For 7 decades, Anglo-Dutch rivalry lasted and it led to defeat of Dutch in 1759 in the Battle of Bedara.

 

11-Captain William Hawkins sought permission from the royal court of Jahangir to open a factory at Surat.

 

12- Jahangir issued a Farman permitting the setting up of a factory at Surat in 1612.

 

13-Sir Thomas Roe was an ambassador of James I to Jahangir’s court when he arrived India in 1615.

Sir Thomas Roe
Sir Thomas Roe

14-Pondicherry was founded by Francois Martin in 1673 and he was the Ist governor of the French headquarters in India. 

 

15-Under Nizam’s dominion, the Carnatic region came.

 

16-The Treaty of Purandhar was signed in 1665.

 

17-Shivaji, born at Shivner Fort in 1627 was the son Shahji Bhonsle and Jijabai.

 

18-The Marathas rose to power under the influence of Shivaji.

 

19-In 1674, Shivaji assumed the title of Chatrapathi.

 

20-Shivaji had a council of ministers called Asthapradhan.

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